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Living Healthy with Type 1, 2 diabetes

Type 1, 2 diabetes
Millions of persons have diabetes, and some people do not even know it.. diabetes is not to be taken lightly for it has serious personal side effects. Diabetes is influenced by genes, food we eat, exercise as well.
Since the discovery of insulin in 1921, managing diabetes has become more effective than ever. Today, with care, most diabetics can lead productive lives.

Normally, your body changes sugars and starch into glucose (a simple sugar), which serves as fuel. When diabetes develops, the amount of glucose in the blood may become dangerously high because insulin (the substance that controls glucose levels) is in short supply. Diabetics either don't produce enough insulin or their bodies don't respond to the insulin as they should; that's why they have to take insulin by injection or another medication by mouth to help the body secrete more of its own insulin.

To help you recognize the warning signs of diabetes, the American Diabetes Association uses the acronyms DIABETES and CAUTION.

D rowsiness
I tching
A family history of diabetes
B lurred vision
E xcessive weight
T ingling, numbness, or pain in extremities
E asy fatigue
S kin infection, slow healing of cuts and scratches, especially on the feet

Other signs are:

C onstant urination
A bnormal thirst
U nusual hunger
T he rapid loss of weight
I rritability
O bvious weakness and fatigue
N ausea and vomiting

The important explanation of one being diabetic is the reality that either the body doesn't produce enough insulin or else it can't employ the actual insulin in an appropriate way. The transformation of glucose into strength in the body is performed through insulin. The key conditions that can result in diabetes are short of activity, fatness, aging, improper diet and, most importantly, heredity. Weariness is the trait of diabetes for the reason that the body doesn't attain required energy. Eyes is impaired, urination is repeated and need for water gets Unquenchable resulting from it. You are receptive to persistent contagion for example urinary tract diseases, colds and influenza if you are diabetic. Diabetes has further hint moreover like prickling or burning sensitiveness in the hands together with foot. Majority of the time diabetes goes overlooked for these traits look simple. At the time you observe any of the above declared indications get your glucose amount measured. The everlastingness of this health problem demands you perform this way. To correct diabetes  you as well have to make use of perfect diet table and lifestyle changes to make your glucose levels under regulation.

You don't necessarily have to experience all of these warning signs to be diabetic; only one or two may be present. Some people show no warning signs whatsoever and find out they're diabetic after a routine blood test. So if you have a family history of diabetes, you should be especially watchful of the signs and symptoms mentioned before. If you notice any of those signs report them to your doctor. Being overweight increases your risk significantly. A diet high in sugar and low in fiber may increase your risk as well. Pregnancy can trigger diabetes in some women.

There are two forms of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is more severe and usually shows up before the age of 40. Insulin injections as well as dietary control and excercise are essential.

Type 2 diabetes is less severe and affects people who are older and overweight. This type is most often treated with diet and exercise and sometimes oral medicine. Occasional insulin injections may be required as well.

Like a hurricane with its heavy rains, hail, lightening and high winds is preceded by"calm before the storm," type 2 diabetes is preceded by a condition known as pre-diabetes. With no usual symptoms and very little hint of what a type 2 diagnosis may mean, many fail to take heed and ignore important warning signs of diabetes. "By the time a patient actually is diagnosed as having diabetes, so much damage can be already done," The people with pre-diabetes can prevent the development of type 2 diabetes by up to 58 percent through modest lifestyle changes. Those changes, according to the experts, include recommendations to reduce weight by five to 10 percent and perform modest physical activity 30 minutes daily. In a very real sense,

"The individuals with pre-diabetes have a one and one-half fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease as compared to people with normal blood glucose and that individuals with diabetes have a two to four-fold increased cardiovascular risk. Some 60 to 65 percent of those with type 2 diabetes succumb to cardiovascular disease. "

Pre-diabetes is a serious metabolic condition that can reek havoc and do major damage long before the blood sugar (glucose) is elevated enough to diagnose overt type 2 diabetes.  Thus many persons already have complications  involving their heart, brain and extremity arteries----even before they know officially that they have diabetes.

Pre-diabetes is a term used to distinguish those at increased risk for developing diabetes. Those with pre-diabetes have impaired fasting glucose (IFG) levels between 100 and 125 mg/dL and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) between 140 and 199 milligrams per deciliter or mg/dL. Progression to diabetes is not inevitable, as studies show minor lifestyle changes in diet and exercise can prevent or delay diabetes and may return blood glucose levels to normal.

Diabetes and Cardiovascular (Heart) Disease

Who Should Be Screened For Pre-Diabetes?

Screening recommendations encourage physicians to screen all adults over age 45 and adults younger than 45 if they are significantly overweight and have at least one or more of the following risk factors:

  • Family history of diabetes;

  • Low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides;

  • High blood pressure;

  • History of gestational diabetes or having given birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds; and

  • Belonging to a minority group‹African American, Hispanic, Asian American or Pacific Islander.

ADA officials say pre-diabetes screening is not yet recommended for children since they don't have enough evidence that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed in children at high risk for the disease.

For additional information on pre-diabetes, contact the American Diabetes Association toll-free at 1-800-342-2383.

Diabetes is a “silent killer” and in the early stages of the disease, patients often have no symptoms. Four of five people with diabetes will die of heart attack or stroke. "Let’s bring diabetes out of the shadow! Let’s all fight diabetes." With  millions of  people suffering from diabetes without enough care nationwide, medical experts have sounded a call of awareness to the public on how to prevent the disease they dubbed as "the silent killer."  "We should be alarmed about the worsening problem of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes. It is a silent epidemic that unjustly affects the poor," Do ask your doctor to give you a simple blood test for pre-diabetes Pre-diabetes means you have blood glucose levels that are higher than normal and you could one day reach a high enough level that you would be diagnosed with having diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to produce or respond properly to insulin and must be managed on a daily basis once diagnosed. If not, diabetes can lead to several health complications including death.  If you have pre-diabetes, there’s a 75% probability that you will develop diabetes. Now there are two kinds of blood tests you can request, “The first is a fasting plasma glucose test, in which your glucose levels measured when you have not been eating. The other is an oral glucose tolerance test which introduces glucose into your system, challenging your beta cells to make insulin by testing your body’s acute insulin response to glucose.” If your blood glucose level, two hours after receiving oral glucose, is over 200 milligrams per deciliter, you are considered to be diabetic. Anything between 141-199 is considered to be pre-diabetic. If you have pre-diabetes, it doesn’t necessarily mean you’re going to develop diabetes - if you take the proper steps now to avoid getting the fifth deadliest disease in America.

  • About 80 per cent of diabetics die of a heart attack.

  • If you have diabetes, you can be almost 15 years closer to a heart attack or stroke than a person who does not have the disease.

  • Medical professionals are seeing these very serious health problems crop up earlier and earlier in people's lives.

    Diabetes (medically known as diabetes mellitus) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia or high blood glucose concentration. While there is no cure for diabetes, proper actions can be taken to control glucose or sugar levels and prevent complications including diabetic retinopathy, which leads to total blindness; diabetic neuropathy, a decreased in sensation; diabetic nephropathy, damage to kidney leading to renal failure; heart diseases and stroke.

     "And  diabetes claims as many lives each year as the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, popularly known as AIDS, which is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. "It is just sad that people give more importance to AIDS since it is a new disease even while other diseases are just as fatal," he said. Willing said that more than 200 million people worldwide were diagnosed to have diabetes.   "The message is very simple. To prevent it, one must have a healthy weight and a healthy diet. Don't smoke and exercise regularly." The good news is, once diabetes is identified, it can be managed. "Even pre-diabetic people, over 60, can prevent full-blown diabetes if they become proactive and change their eating habits and exercise regularly,"  It costs about 150 dollars per month to treat diabetes. "It is important to remember that managing diabetes goes beyond controlling blood sugar levels. Monitoring blood pressure and cholesterol is critical to reducing mortality."

    The People with diabetes must closely manage their blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels, or face a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease, say three leading health organizations. Research has shown that two out of three people with diabetes die from a heart attack or stroke, making cardiovascular disease the number one killer of people with diabetes. In particular, tight control of blood glucose can significantly reduce the likelihood of a heart attack or stroke in people with diabetes, and fewer than 50 percent of Americans with diabetes are reaching the level of glucose control recommended.  "Controlling blood glucose, along with blood pressure and cholesterol, can help save not only a person's heart, eyesight and limbs, but a person's life. In fact, it is estimated that approximately 73 percent of adults with diabetes have high blood pressure and most have cholesterol levels that put them at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. To help manage blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol: make wise food choices, engage in daily physical activity and take prescribed medications. People with diabetes should also avoid smoking and consult their health providers about taking aspirin. Fifty-four million Americans - that’s one in six  -- have pre-diabetes and most don’t even realize it.

    More than two million people in Canada have diabetes and their ranks are expected to swell as the population ages. "Many Canadian,  seniors with diabetes are not getting the medications they need to control high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, according to a study spearheaded by Dr. Baiju Shah.  and many seniors don't even know they are pre-diabetic — they think they are tired or just not well. (Pre-diabetic is when blood sugar levels are elevated but not high enough for the person to be considered diabetic.) A high cholesterol and high blood pressure are risk factors for both diabetes and heart disease.There is a great deal of evidence that hypertension (high blood pressure) control has the greatest benefit for diabetes patients, according to the study. "Everyone fusses about blood sugar, but the emphasis is changing now that we recognize the number-one killer of people with diabetes is heart disease,"   The finding is important because heart disease and strokes account for most deaths among diabetics. While examining blood tests from people over 65, researchers noted a high incidence of diabetes — much of it undiagnosed and untreated, according to Shah, a scientist at the Institute for Clinical Evaluation Sciences, an independent Toronto research facility."There are a couple of important messages here in relation to diabetes," Shah says. "This disease is a common condition in people over 65 and, by age 75, one in four have it."The study also revealed that the specialists prescribed the needed  medications more often than family doctors."

    The Diabetes in Canada Evaluation (DICE) study, which included 243 family doctors who completed records for 2,473 patients with Type 2 diabetes, found that most patients have serious health problems associated with their diabetes: conditions such as heart disease, stroke, kidney and eye disease. In the DICE study, patients had cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure (more than 60 per cent) and high cholesterol (almost 60 per cent). Nearly 30 per cent had already had one or more microvascular complications such as kidney disease, nerve damage or eye disease. One of the findings of the DICE study was that family physicians need to be more aggressive in implementing appropriate treatment for certain patients.

    Do also Write to news editors, provincial and federal legislative members and rightfully demand better medical care and services here for all Canadians now.

  • If you have been diagnosed with diabetes and just aren’t sure of what you should and should not be eating, it’s time you found out!
    Get your doctor’s recommendation of a diabetes educator or dietician specializing in diabetes who you can go to see. Many hospitals hold classes to help diabetics make the right food choices since that is so critical to the management of diabetes. While these classes may be intended for those newly diagnosed with diabetes, they will provide useful information for all diabetics.

    Although it is important that you get individual help with your diabetes diet plan from an expert, there are some general guidelines to follow. In fact, the tips listed here would be helpful for anyone to follow, whether or not you have diabetes.

    Since no single food will supply all the nutrients your body needs, it is important to eat a variety of foods every day, including fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy and meats. Included in the meat “group” are fish, poultry, eggs, dried beans and nuts, since they are all good protein sources.

    Some unhealthy foods to avoid or limit include foods that are high in fat, sodium or sugar. Too much salt or sodium can make high blood pressure worse. Check nutrition labels for salt amounts in packaged foods.

    Although you do need some fat in your diet, too much isn’t good for anyone since it is linked to increased risk of developing heart disease. And, people with diabetes already have a greater risk to get heart disease. Stay away from “whole” fat dairy foods and salad dressings, too much red meat and desserts high in fat.
    Following a varied diet from all the food groups is important to everyone for good health; it’s especially important for those with diabetes! 
    It is also really important that you eat 3 meals a day regularly, do not skip meals, you can snack fruit in between if you are hungry, do avoid all sugar products such as candy, cholcate bars.

    About Nutrition

    Good nutrition is an important part of staying healthy. Your meals should be well balanced and low in cholesterol. Here is one example of a full day of meals based on an 1800-calorie diet.


    ½ Cup Apple Juice
    1 ½ Cup Unsweetened Cereal
    2 Tablespoons Raisins
    3 Graham Cracker Squares
    1 Cup Low Fat Milk

    1 Cup Vegetable Soup
    Turkey Sandwich
    3 Ounces Turkey
    1 Ounce Low-Fat Swiss Cheese
    2 Slices Bread
    1 Cup Lettuce And Tomato
    1 Medium Apple
    ½ Cup Low Fat Milk


    3 Ounces Baked Fish
    1 Cup Boiled Pasta With:
    ½ Cup Broccoli
    ½ Cup Green Onions
    1/3 Cup Cranberry Juice
    1 Cup Cantelope Cubes
    ½ Cup Low Fat Milk

    HINT: Choose meats that are 90% lean to reduce fat in your diet. Avoid fried foods. Instead, prepare foods by baking, roasting and boiling.

    Menu courtesy of Desiree James, RN, CDE

    Non Diabolic- Diabetic desserts..
    Note: Get a recipe of the week recommended by Diabetes Australia-NSW dietitians as a good option not only for people with diabetes, but for all Australians interested in a delicious and healthy meal  and see also the yummy Dessert of the Month.
    Taking good care of your health will play a vital role in reducing the complications of diabetes.
    Eating the proper foods, maintaining your weight, maintaining an exercise program and monitoring your blood glucose can control diabetes. You must also remember to check your feet daily and make sure to have a dilated eye exam annually.

    About Your Eyes

    Diabetes can lead to eye problems including blindness but the chances can be reduced by having an annual eye exam in which the pupils are dilated. This dilated eye exam can find any problems early, so that you can get needed treatment immediately. Even if your vision is fine or you see well, you should still have an dilated eye exam annually. Diabetes can lead to a disease called diabetic retinopathy, which damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina. Diabetes can also heighten your risks of developing cataracts (the lens of the eye becomes cloudy) or glaucoma (pressure builds up inside the eye). Don’t take your eyesight for granted, get your dilated eye exam now!

    About Your Feet

    Diabetes can cause damage to you feet. In order to protect yourself, make sure that when you visit your physician or health care provider, you take your shoes and socks off so that your feet can be checked. Remember, you must keep your feet in good shape. Here are some helpful tips:

    - Check you feet everyday for sores, bruises or color changes
    - Wash feet every day in warm water and pat dry
    - Do not put oil or lotion between your toes
    - Trim your toenails carefully
    - Wear socks and comfortable shoes that protect and do not squeeze your feet (avoid shoes that go between your toes)
    - Never go barefoot, even at home
    - **Keep your blood sugar under control
    - **Do not smoke

    About Exercise

    Exercise or physical activity is a very important part of reducing diabetes complications. A little activity each day can help you live longer, healthier and happier. You can do simple activities that cost nothing and count towards a healthier life. Try to be consistent with the activity you chose. Some simple activities include:

    - Walking at a brisk pace
    - Raking or working in the garden
    - Dance to a fast beat
    - Riding a bicycle
    - Cleaning your home
    - Swimming